Surgery for Sports Injuries

Sports injuries are injuries that occur when engaging in sports or exercise. Sports injuries can occur due to

In Which Situations Are Sports Injuries Occur?

To do sports means to perform a series of activities called healthy living. Some people do sports for healthy life, but some of them do it at the same time to participate in the competition. Sports injuries are injuries that occur in athletic activities or exercising. They are commonly caused by reasons as lack of conditioning, overtraining, sudden movements, weakness in muscles or bones, past injuries, psychological problems, structural abnormalities, poor quality materials, or floor friction. Bruises, strains, sprains, tears, and broken bones can result from sports injuries. Soft tissues like muscles, ligaments, tendons, fascia, and bursae may be affected.

There are two kinds of sports injuries: acute and chronic. Acute injuries happen suddenly, such as sprained ankles. Chronic injuries happen after you play a sport or exercise over a long period of time.

Sports injuries of the knee

Knee injuries are generally caused by twisting or bending force applied to the knee, or a direct blow, such as from sports, falls, or accidents. The most common sports injuries are knee injuries. The main signs and symptoms of knee injury are pain and swelling. Prognosis for knee injury depends on the type and severity of the injury and the need for physical therapy or surgery. The knee joint is a synovial joint which connects the femur, our thigh bone and longest bone in the body, to the tibia, our shinbone and second longest bone. There are two joints in the knee: the tibiofemoral joint, which joins the tibia to the femur and the patellofemoral joint which joins the kneecap to the femur. These two joints work together to form a modified hinge joint that allows the knee to bend and straighten, but also to rotate slightly and from side to side. In the anterior cruciate ligament injuries, the pain is not immediately felt. However, a rupture sound can be heard. You notice that the control inside the joint is broken. If you swell for 2-12 hours and get up, the pain starts. If you try to walk that way, the cartilage is damaged. If you rotate your body while the feet are still standing, you will fix the tibial bone and cause the thigh to turn, which will cause the gristle to be damaged in a much larger measure.

Surgery may not always be necessary for the knees. It is recommended to wear knee pads for the patient life long in order to develop both front and back muscle groups. While anterior cruciate ligament and medial collateral ligament tear, if ligament fibers will not heal enough, in the result there will be distortion on the knee. Therefore, athletes who actively use the knee joint require surgical treatment in case of sports injuries. Surgery is recommended for prevention of damage that can occur on cartilage. It usually gives very good results. But it is required to have a physical therapy under the guidance of a physical therapist for three months after surgery.

Prevention of knee injuries involves proper training, proper equipment, and maintaining a safe playing field or home environment to avoid falls.

Shoulder Sports Injuries

Such injuries are much more common in sport branches such as basketball, volleyball, tennis, weightlifting, swimming and etc – basically, any sport that involves a lot of overhead movement. The act of throwing or striking motion itself subjects the shoulder to extremes of motion and stress. Pain may occur during throwing or other activities.
In order to improve the range of motion in your shoulder and strengthen the muscles that support the joint, your doctor may recommend specific exercises. Physical therapy can focus on muscles and ligament tightness in the back of the shoulder and help to strengthen the structures in the front of the shoulder.

Your doctor may recommend surgery based on your history, physical examination, and imaging studies, or if your symptoms are not relieved by nonsurgical treatment. The type of surgery performed will depend on several factors, such as your injury, age, and anatomy.

Physical therapy is recommended for the postoperative period.
Within 6-8 weeks, the patient becomes as healthy as before surgery and gets pre-accident performance.

Hip&Pelvis Injuries in Sports

Pelvis and hip are two different, but entirely interrelated skeletal parts located in the lower part of the human body. Several bones are arranged to make these strong bony parts, especially the pelvis. Pelvis and hip are very important as they give rigid support to the body by connecting the lower and upper bones, and provide a foundation to the movements of other parts of human body. In addition, these two bones stabilize the body by the distribution of upper body weight evenly.

As a major weight-bearing joint, normal hip function is fundamental to successful sporting participation. Not only is it important in running, jumping and kicking-based activities, it also contributes to the generation and transference of forces in upper limb-dominated activities. Injuries to the hip do not account for a large proportion of the sports physician’s workload, but may result in significant morbidity.

Hip pain or hip joint pain often develops gradually and can be from a number of causes. Labral tears and Osteoarthritis are more common, especially in older athletes who have been highly active in their youth.

Athletes in certain sports are particularly prone to hip injury, especially those involved in track or other running sports, soccer and dancing. Any athlete, however, is at risk for hip injury from trauma or overuse.

We’ll review the more commonly encountered causes of hip pain in runners: muscular strains and pulls in the groin, hamstring or piriformis, hip flexor tightness, bursitis, stress fractures and labral tears. The surgical procedure to be performed should be in the direction of the treatment of these tears. However, inflammatory bone diseases can also be the cause of these aches. If this is the case, the issue will be more serious and the treatment will be more difficult.

Ankle Injuries in Sports

Ankle sprains and strains are two common injuries that can cause a significant amount of pain.
The ankle joint involves a series of interconnected ligaments, muscles, and tendons, all of which can be subject to acute or chronic sprain or strain. This complex ankle design makes it a relatively stable joint compared to other joints in the body, and this stability is essential to its function.
In high-impact activities, the normally stable ankle is subject to increased injury risk, especially when it turns or twists too far out of its normal range of motion.

Ankle injuries commonly occur due to:
• Acute injury that forces the ankle joint beyond its normal range of motion, such as in a sports injury or falling off a curb.
• Overuse injury caused by repetitive forces, such as repeated hard landings involved in sports such as long distance running and basketball.
• Ankle sprains are caused by direct or indirect trauma to the ankle ligaments. In a sprain, the ankle ligaments that normally support the ankle are either stretched beyond their normal limits or torn outright as a result of this trauma.

In general, if your ankle gets swollen and painful after you twist it, you have most likely sprained it. This means you have stretched and possibly torn the ligaments in your ankle.

The most important thing to do is to prevent the patient from pressing on his/her foot. Applying cold compresses and keeping foot above the level of the heart will reduce the swelling and the severity of the bleeding. People unrelated to medicine provide more harm when they try to help.

Physical therapy may be needed after 5-10 days. This process is important not only to get rid of the troubles caused by the sprain, but also to prevent a new sprain.

If not treated, or with repeated sprains of the same tissues, pain and dysfunction from acute ankle sprains can become chronic.

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